Zanthoxylum alatum



Name: Zanthoxylum alatum

Filename: Zanthoxylum_alatum.jpg


Description:

Botanical name : Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb.
Family : Rutaceae


SANSKRIT SYNONYMS


Tumburu, Tejasvini, Tejovati, Vanaja, Sourabha


AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES

                                
Rasa : Katu, Tikta
Guna : Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya : Ushna


PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES


English : Toothache tree
Hindi : Tejabala
Malayalam : Tejohva
Distribution – Grows naturally on Himalayan peninsula.


PLANT DESCRIPTION


A small tree or shrub, growing up to 20 meters in height. Leaves- 4-20 cm, imparipinnate, leaflets 4-6 pairs, lanceolate and acute. Flowers seen in dense panicles. Fruits broadly ovoid, pale red when ripe, contain single seed.


MEDICINAL PROPERTIES


Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, inflammation, wound, ulcers, stomatitis, gingivitis, anorexia, indigestion, flatulence, diarrhea, hemorrhoids and intestinal worms.
Useful part : Root, Leaves, Bark

Zanthoxylum armatum



Name: Zanthoxylum armatum
 
Filename: Zanthoxylum_armatum.jpg


Description:

Botanical name : Zanthoxylum armatum DC.
Family : Rutaceae


SANSKRIT SYNONYMS


Tumburu


AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES


Rasa : Katu, Tikta
Guna : Lakhu
Virya : Ushna


PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES


English : Toothache tree
Hindi : Tumburu,  Tejphal
Malayalam : Tumboonal, Tumboonalari
Distribution – Throughout India growing naturally in forests.


PLANT DESCRIPTION


A large shrub or small tree grows up to 6 meters in height. Leaves compound, imparipinnate, rachis winged, leaflets 5-11 lanceolate, serrate with gland dots. Flowers yellow in terminal or axillary panicles. Fruits reddish globose follicle. Seeds solitary, globose and shining.


MEDICINAL PROPERTIES


Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, vata, tumors, headache, diarrhea, hepatitis, fever, leukoderma, skin diseases, cough, asthma, paralysis, arthritis, diabetes, wounds, ulcers, cardiac debility and general debility.
Useful part : Bark, Leaves, Fruits.

Zanthoxylum rhetsa



Name: Zanthoxylum rhetsa
 
Filename: Zanthoxylum_rhetsa.JPG
Description:

Botanical name : Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb) DC.
Family : Rutaceae


SANSKRIT SYNONYMS

 
Lakhuvalkala, Bidalaghni, Asvaghra


AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES

 
Rasa    : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna   : Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya   : Ushna


PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES


English  : Indian prickly ash-tree
Hindi  : Badrang
Malayalam : Mullilam, Mulliyllam, Karimurikku, Kattumurikku
Distribution – Throughout Western Ghats, growing wild in semi deciduous forests.


PLANT DESCRIPTION


A moderate sized armed tree grows up to 35 meters in height. Leaves compound, imparipinnate and crowded at the end of branches. Leaflets ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, glabrous and scenty. Flowers yellowish green, small, in terminal panicles. Fruits small globose, fragrant berries contain single seed.


MEDICINAL PROPERTIES


Plant pacifies vitiated vata, kapha, asthma, bronchitis, cardiac ailments, stomatitis, pyorrhea, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, arthritis, boils, ulcers, poison, and traumatic eye injury.
Useful part : Bark, Leaves, Seeds. 

Zea mays


Name: Zea mays

Filename: Zea_mays.JPG
Description:

Botanical name : Zea mays Linn.
Family : Poaceae


SANSKRIT SYNONYMS

Makkaya, Mahakaya

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES

Rasa    : Kashaya, Madhura
Guna   : Guru, Snigdha
Virya   : Seeta

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

English  : Indian maize, Maize, Corn
Hindi  : Makka, Barajovar
Malayalam : Cholam, Makkacholam
Distribution – Throughout India, cultivated.


PLANT DESCRIPTION

An erect annual herb grows up to 5 meters in height. Leaves simple, linear lanceolate, with sheathing base, acuminate, and scrubby. Male spikelets are terminal racemes, female inflorescence axillary, with spikelets arranged around the woody axis, styles long and silky, protruding outside as a mass of threads. Grains are flattened, yellowish, and become stony hard when dried.

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, pitta, general debility, anorexia, hemorrhoids, emaciation and is a staple food for some parts of India.
Useful part : Grains.

Ziziphus oenoplia

Filename: Ziziphus_oenoplia.jpg

Description:

Botanical name : Ziziphus oenoplia  (Linn.) Mill.
Family : Rhamnaceae


SANSKRIT SYNONYMS


Karkandhu


AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES


Rasa    : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna   : Guru
Virya   : Seeta


PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES


English  : Jackal jujube
Hindi  : Kakkay
Malayalam : Tudali, Tudari, Cheriyalanta
Distribution – Throughout India growing wild in planes.


PLANT DESCRIPTION


A spreading thorny shrub grows up to 1.5 meters in height. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate-lanceolate, acute, oblique; flowers green, in subsessile axillary cymes. Fruits globose drupes, black, contain single seed.


MEDICINAL PROPERTIES


Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, kapha, worms, peptic ulcer, stomach pain and wounds.
Useful part : Roots

Zingiber officinale


Xylia dolabriformis

Name: Xylia dolabriformis

Filename: Xylia_dolabriformis.JPG

Description:

Botanical name : Xylia dolabriformis Benth. (Mimosa xylocarpa Roxb.)
Family : Leguminosae


SANSKRIT SYNONYMS

Kusimsipa, Kapila, Krishnasara, Bhasmagrabha, Avasadini

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES

Rasa    : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna   : Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya   : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu


PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

English  : Iron wood
Hindi  : Seesam, Seeso
Malayalam : Irupool
Distribution –Kerala, Orissa, Andrapradesh, Madhyapredesh states of India.


PLANT DESCRIPTION

A moderate size tree grows up to 30 meters in height. Leaves compound, paripinnate, leaflets ovate-oblong, acute or acuminate, and shiny. Flowers yellowish axillary or terminal heads. Fruits are large woody curved pods, contain 6-10 dark oblong seeds. 

MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

Plant pacifies vitiated vata, pitta, fever, leucoderma, vomiting, edema, diarrhea, diabetes, allergic rhinitis, hiccough, obesity pruritus and general weakness.
Useful part : Oil, Bark. 

Wrightia tinctoria


Woodfordia fruticosa

Name: Woodfordia fruticosa

Filename: Woodfordia_fruticosa.


Description:

Botanical name : Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz.
Family : Lythraceae


SANSKRIT SYNONYMS


Dhataki, Agnijvala, Dhatupushti, Bahupushpi


AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES


Rasa    : Kashaya, Katu
Guna   : Lakhu, Rooksha
Virya   : Seeta
Vipaka : Katu


PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES


English  : Fire flame bush, Woodfordia
Hindi  : Davi, Tavi
Malayalam : Tatiri, Tatiripoov
Distribution – Growing naturally throughout India, especially in dry areas.

 
PLANT DESCRIPTION


A much branched deciduous shrub grows up to 3 meters in height. Leaves simple, opposite, entire, ovate-lanceolate, acute; flowers bright red, in axillary cyme clusters, numerous, fruits ellipsoid capsule, containing numerous small obovoid smooth seeds.


MEDICINAL PROPERTIES


Plant pacifies vitiated kapha, pitta, skin diseases, burning sensation, hemorrhage, anemia, leucorrhea, menorrhagia, diarrhea, dysentery, ulcers, diabetes, oligospermia, urinary tract infections and jaundice. It is used to give natural color to ayurvedic preparations.
Useful part : Flowers 

Withania somnifera


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